Brexit: CAP and BCAP Code rules

The CAP and BCAP Codes include many rules which seek to reflect significant pieces of EU law or UK law that has been made to implement EU law. This statement summarises the key pieces of legislation designed to ensure that the UK has a functioning statute book after it leaves the EU, and their effect on the CAP and BCAP Codes.  In summary, CAP and BCAP advise advertisers that when the UK leaves the EU (on 31 January 2020), all rules in force on the day before exit day will continue to remain in force on and after exit day and on and after the implementation period of the Withdrawal Agreement, and that they must comply with all rules in the CAP and BCAP Codes unless CAP and BCAP make a statement that says otherwise. CAP and BCAP will continue to consider any changes that might be necessary to the Codes as they receive further information from Government, and will make any appropriate changes as soon as they are in a position to do so. 

The two key pieces of legislation designed to ensure that the UK has a functioning statute book after it leaves the EU are: the European Union (Withdrawal Act) 2018 (the EUWA 2018) and the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020 (the EUWAA 2020).

EUWA 2018

The EUWA 2018 made provision for the UK’s withdrawal from the EU via the following key provisions:

  • ending of the supremacy of EU law in UK law at the time of exit (section 1);
  • preserving UK law made to implement EU obligations as it stands at the time of exit (section 2);
  • converting direct EU legislation as it stands at the time of exit into UK law (section 3); and
  • creating temporary powers to make secondary legislation to ensure that the UK legal system continues to function correctly outside the EU (section 8).

As a general rule, the EUWA 2018 was designed to ensure that the same rules and laws would apply on the day after exit as on the day before; and that changes could be made to these by subsequent legislation. The EUWA was also designed to enable UK law to reflect the content of a withdrawal agreement once the UK leaves the EU, subject to the prior enactment of a statute by Parliament approving the final terms of withdrawal. This statute is the EUWAA 2020.


EUWAA 2020

The key objectives of the EUWAA 2020, as relevant to this statement, can be summarised as follows:

  • Its principal purpose is to implement the Withdrawal Agreement (the separation agreement between the UK and the EU) so that it has effect in domestic – as well as international – law.
  • It is designed to work in conjunction with the EUWA 2018.
  • Under  the  terms  of  the  Withdrawal  Agreement,  it  will  be  necessary  to  ensure  that  the  EU  Treaties  and  other  EU   law  continues  to  apply  in  the  UK  during  the  implementation  period (IP). The  EUWAA 2020 therefore amends  the  EUWA 2018 so  that  the  conversion  of  EU  law   into  ‘retained  EU  law’  can  take  place  at  the  end  of  the  IP  rather  than  on   ‘exit  day’. 
  • The EUWAA 2020 defines the end of the IP as ‘IP completion day’ (currently, 31 December 2020, subject to extension provisions). New  pieces  of  directly  applicable  EU  law (for example Regulations)  that  are  introduced  during  the   IP  will  continue  to  apply  automatically  within  the  UK,  in  line  with  Part  4   of  the  Withdrawal  Agreement.  Other  new  EU  measures  (for example Directives)  introduced during this period will  need  to  continue  to  be   implemented  domestically  to  comply  with  Part  4  of  the  Withdrawal  Agreement. 

Examples of EU-derived law reflected in the CAP and BCAP Codes

The following are examples of rules in the CAP and BCAP Codes that derive from EU law:

Further guidance on these rules, and others, can be found in our AdviceOnline database here.

CAP and BCAP will update this position if they receive further information on any of the matters included in the statement.

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