As the 2010s draw to a close, we take look back on some of the biggest regulatory changes to mark each year of the decade, along with some key snippets of advice for advertisers.
CAP was designated by Ofcom as the co-regulator for advertising on video-on-demand (VOD services). VOD ads must comply with Appendix 2 of the CAP Code, which applies specifically to VOD advertising, as well as the other relevant sections of the Code.
The ASA began to regulate advertisers’ own marketing communications on their own websites and in other non-paid-for space online under their control. This extended remit applies mainly to marketing communications that are ‘directly connected’ with the supply or goods or services, as well as some other communications.
- be obviously identifiable as marketing;
- do nothing that is likely to result in the physical, mental or moral harm of children; and
- not make children feel inferior or unpopular if they do not have a product or do not engage in peer-to-peer marketing.
Following the Keogh Review of cosmetic products and procedures, CAP published new guidance for both surgical and non- surgical procedures, to ensure ads are responsible and not misleading; for example by not using misleading ‘before’ and ‘after’ pictures, and by not suggesting procedures should be undertaken lightly.
- not being of particular appeal to under-18s;
- not featuring under-25s using e-cigarettes or in a significant role; and
- not encouraging non-smokers to use e-cigarettes.
CAP and BCAP allowed advertisers of certain lifestyle weight-loss programmes to refer to and target people who are obese, when they could not previously do so. Advertised programmes must meet these criteria:
- be of at least three months’ duration;
- be multi-component; be developed by a multi-disciplinary team;
- include input from certain practitioners;
- be shown to be effective at 12 months and beyond; and
- be provided by staff who are trained to deliver them.
- present all the compulsory elements of a customer’s total financial commitment in close proximity, without placing undue emphasis on any one element;
- wherever possible, consolidate all applicable one-off costs and, where line rental is offered by the provider, line rental and broadband costs; and
- make clear the total monthly cost that will apply both during and after any discount period, and for how long it will apply.
CAP introduced new rules on ads for food and drink high in fat, salt or sugar (HFSS), which prevented them from being shown in and around dedicated children’s media, including online, or any media where children make up more than 25% of the audience. These new restrictions brought the CAP Code into line with the BCAP Code.
Following the General Data Protection Regulation coming into force, CAP introduced new rules on the use of data for marketing. Marketers must ensure that they only use personal data for marketing if they have consent or a legitimate interest; and that they provide information about the use of data for marketing at or before the time they collect it.
Following research in 2017 and in 2018, CAP and BCAP’s new rules (accompanied by detailed guidance) which prohibit gender stereotypes that are likely to cause harm or serious or widespread offence came into force. A key guiding principle from this guidance is that while ads may feature people undertaking gender-stereotypical roles (for example, a woman cleaning the house or a man doing DIY) they should take care to avoid suggesting that stereotypical roles or characteristics are: always uniquely associated with one gender; the only options available to one gender; or never carried out or displayed by another gender.
This is just a very small snapshot of some of the work carried out by the ASA and CAP in the 2010s, alongside dealing with hundreds of thousands of complaints and working to deliver millions of discreet instances of advice and/or training to stakeholders.
We’ve loved every minute - here’s to the 2020s and the next decade of regulating ads!
- Cosmetic surgery and procedures
- Food, drink and supplements
- Computers, phones and telecoms
- Privacy and popular culture
- Gender, sex and relationships
- Vaping, smoking and drugs
- Weight and slimming
- Legal and regulation
- Children and the vulnerable
- Packaging and point of sale
- Online, catch-up TV and radio, in-app and in-game
- Mailings, email, phone/fax and messaging
- TV and radio (broadcast only)
- Poster and other out of home
- Newspapers, magazines and printed materials